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Sparken Hill Academy - Geography Curriculum


The National Curriculum for Geography aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • Understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
  • Are competent in the geographical skills needed to:
  • Collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding or geographical processes
  • Interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
  • Communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps and writing at length


INTENT -What are we trying to achieve for our children in Geography?


A high-quality Geography curriculum should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching should equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.


At Sparken Hill, the Geography curriculum has been carefully sequenced so that as pupils progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time. We want our children to enjoy and love learning about geography, not just through experiences in the classroom, but also providing opportunities for fieldwork investigation and enquiry.

Implementation - How is the curriculum delivered?


Following the ‘Development Matters’ guidance in EYFS, our Nursery and Reception children gain an ‘Understanding of the World; people and communities; the world and technology’ and come into KS1 with the foundations laid for Geography. At Sparken Hill, we implement a Geography curriculum that;

  • meets the objectives outlined in the National Curriculum , a copy of which can be found here
  • is progressive throughout the whole school, with three distinct milestones of KS1, LKS2 and UKS2. Each milestone will include objectives from three threshold concepts: Geographical Knowledge, Geographical Understanding and Geographical Skills and Enquiry
  • is delivered on a half-termly timetable. As such, approximately 30 hours of Geography is taught each academic year
  • has key progressive, Geographical skills embedded into each unit, providing opportunities for retrieval practice of prior knowledge and vocabulary
  • provides whole class differentiation through questioning and various methods of recording
  • is enhanced by trips, visiting experts and fieldwork where appropriate

IMPACT - What difference is the curriculum making? 


 Our Geography Curriculum is high quality, well thought out and planned to demonstrate progression.  Children’s knowledge and skills will develop progressively as they move through the school, not only developing a deep knowledge, understanding and appreciation of their local area, but also its place within the wider geographical context. Children will become more analytical and improved critical thinkers. We measure the impact of our Geography curriculum using the following measures:

  • Evidence from children’s books will show a broad and balanced Geography curriculum, demonstrating appropriate pitch and challenge. Standards in Geography will be high and will match standards in other subjects such as English and Maths.
  • Our Long-Term Plan (LTP) will show a clear progression of knowledge and skills across Key Stage 1 and 2 that builds on prior knowledge
  • Pupil discussion about their learning
  • Termly teacher judgements track progress and inform subsequent planning 

Whole School Learning Journey - Geography