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Year 5 and 6 Objectives

Grammar and Punctuation

  • Develop their understanding of the concepts set out in English Appendix 2 by:
  • Recognising vocabulary and structures that are appropriate for formal speech and writing, including subjunctive forms
  • Using passive verbs to affect the presentation of information in a sentence
  • Using the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause
  • Using expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely
  • Using modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility
  • Using relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or with an implied (i.e. omitted) relative pronoun
  • Learning the grammar for years 5 and 6 in English Appendix 2
  • Indicate grammatical and other features by:
  • Using commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity in writing
  • Using hyphens to avoid ambiguity
  • Using brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis
  • Using semi-colons, colons or dashes to mark boundaries between independent clauses
  • Using a colon to introduce a list
  • Punctuating bullet points consistently
  • Use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 accurately and appropriately in discussing their writing and reading.


  • Use further prefixes and suffixes and understand the guidance for adding them
  • spell some words with ‘silent’ letters [for example, knight, psalm, solemn]
  • Continue to distinguish between homophones and other words which are often confused
  • Use knowledge of morphology and etymology in spelling and understand that the spelling of some words needs to be learnt specifically, as listed in English Appendix 1
  • Use dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words
  • Use the first three or four letters of a word to check spelling, meaning or both of these in a dictionary
  • Use a thesaurus.