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Year 1 and 2 Objectives

Year 1

Pupils should be taught to:

  • leave spaces between words
  • join word and clauses using 'and'.
  • begin to punctuate sentences using a capital letter and a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark
  • use a capital letter for names of people, places, the days of the week, and the personal pronoun ‘I’
  • spell words containing each of the 40+ phonemes already taught
  • spell common exception words
  • spell the days of the week
  • name the letters of the alphabet in order
  • use letter names to distinguish between alternative spellings of the same sound
  • add prefixes and suffixes:
  • use the spelling rule for adding s or es as the plural marker for nouns and the third person singular marker for verbs
  • use the prefix un
  • use ing, ed, er and est where no change is needed in the spelling of root words [for example, helping, helped, helper, eating, quicker, quickest]

 

Year 2

Pupils should be taught to:

  • use punctuation correctly, including full stops, capital letters, exclamation marks, question marks, commas for lists and apostrophes for contracted forms and the possessive (singular)
  • spell by segmenting spoken words into phonemes and representing these by graphemes, spelling many correctly
  • spell by learning new ways of spelling phonemes for which one or more spellings are already known, and learn some words with each spelling, including a few common homophones
  • spell by learning to spell common exception words
  • spell by learning to spell more words with contracted forms
  • spell by learning the possessive apostrophe (singular) [for example, the girl’s book]
  • spell by distinguishing between homophones and near-homophones
  • add suffixes to spell longer words, including ment, ness, ful, less, –ly
  • write from memory simple sentences dictated by the teacher that include words using the GPCs, common exception words and punctuation taught so far.
  • use punctuation correctly including; full stops, capital letters, exclamation marks, question marks, commas for lists and apostrophes for contracted forms (cannot - can't) and the possessive (the boy's coat)

Learn how to use:

  • sentences with different forms: statement, question, exclamation, command
  • expanded noun phrases to describe and specify [for example, the blue butterfly]
  • the present and past tenses correctly and consistently including the progressive form
  • conjunctions to join sentences - subordination (using when, if, that, or because) and co-ordination (using or, and, or but)

 

 

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